ETUDE PILOTE SUR LA GESTION DE L’HYGIÈNE MENSTRUELLE CHEZ LES PYGMÉES : Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques chez les Baka : Droits humain à l'eau et l'assainissement des peuples autochtones

Abstract : The following report presents the results of a pilot baseline study on the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to menstrual hygiene management (MHM) among Baka Pygmies in the health district of Abong-Mbang, Eastern Cameroon. The study took place over a six-day period and combined focus groups, the observation of water, hygiene, health and education infrastructures, as well as individual interviews. In total, 99 women from five Baka communities took part in the pilot study. The data collected shed light on the challenges that women face in managing their menstrual flow with dignity, in a safe and hygienic way. The study reveals an insufficient provision of WASH infrastructures within the studied communities, and an absence of consideration,on the part of local humanitarian workers, for the specific needs of women on that matter. The study also allowed Baka women to break the silence surrounding the physical and symbolic violence that they endure from their husbands during their periods. In addition, a number of improper menstrual hygiene practices have been identified: for instance, the use of tree bark and household sponges as menstrual protection materials, and the insertion of fingers and substances in the vagina to clean menstrual blood, a practice which can cause injuries and infections to the reproductive system. The report concludes with the following recommendations: To raise awareness within the communities about the health, hygiene and human dignity issues surrounding periods in relation to girls’ and women’s quality of life. To build the capacities of Baka women inleadership and community organisation To develop a participatory approach adapted to Baka women in the planning of WASH infrastructures To include the issues linked to menstrual hygiene management in the elaboration of the Community Development Plans To implement a communal system of waste management To increase the provision of WASH infrastructures within indigenous communities To build the capacities of local actors through training modules for trainers in menstrual hygiene management (SAS-Baka from MINAS; heads of rural organisationin local governments; community health officers; program facilitation technical supervisors from local NGOs; community leaders, etc.) To include the issues linked to menstrual hygiene management in the elaboration of the programs and projects of the NGOs working with Pygmies To mainstream gender within the WASH/CLTS interventions geared towards indigenous communities To extend the study on the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to menstrual hygiene management to other indigenous communities in Cameroon (Bagyeli and Bakola Pygmies; Mbororo).
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https://hal-auf.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01613703
Contributor : Meinrad Pierre Hebga Nyongo <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 10, 2017 - 3:20:57 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 9, 2018 - 12:20:07 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 12:32:35 PM

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Meinrad Pierre Hebga Nyongo, Bityeki Mbamba. ETUDE PILOTE SUR LA GESTION DE L’HYGIÈNE MENSTRUELLE CHEZ LES PYGMÉES : Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques chez les Baka : Droits humain à l'eau et l'assainissement des peuples autochtones. [Rapport de recherche] 01, M&M Consulting. 2016. ⟨hal-01613703⟩

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