Disparités et variabilités des catastrophes démographiques en URSS

Abstract : A large literature is now devoted to the demographic crises, experienced by the USSR between 1920 and 1947. This literature more often attempts to make a global estimate of the losses of the soviet people. In this article, we present a more precise overview of such approaches, putting the stress on the geographic disparities and the important contrasts between generations, led by these crises. For this aim, in a first part, the censuses and their comparison with incomplete data of the civil registration lead us to present a regional geography of demographic crises. Such a reconstruction is therefore used as a basis of a comparison between soviet crises and those experienced during the XIX century Russian Empire. In a second part, the different age structures presented in the 1897 to 1989 censuses are corrected to obtain exact annual age structures. The uses of a specific statistical method helped us to give precise reconstructions. It is therefore possible to describe in detail the future of all the generations who have experienced these critical years. Moreover, our reconstruction gives the indispensable basis of a critical study on the soviet demographic dynamic reconstitution, which have been done by rather different authors. It finally gives interesting precision on the last trends, and, especially, on the degradation of infant mortality from the 70ies.
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Serge Adamets, Alain Blum, Serge Zakharov. Disparités et variabilités des catastrophes démographiques en URSS. 1994. ⟨hal-01390310⟩

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