Inégalités des salaires au niveau de l’Enseignement Supérieur et Universitaire public en RDCongo : Evidence de l’accumulation du capital humain

Abstract : Human capital accumulation is reflected in the increase in years number of education and years number of experience. The traditional approach analyzes the link between human capital accumulation and wage inequality whereas the modern approach considers credit market imperfection 2. We combine tools of these two approaches to describe wage inequality in higher and university education and to identify determinants. Analyzes focus on secondary data for six categories of teachers: 1 st term assistant; 2 nd term assistant; work supervisors; associate professors; professor and full professors. Results show that wage inequalities among these teachers are noticeable (G=0,3909) and a significant part of these inequalities is due to inequalities in prime rather than in institutional base salary. In addition, human capital accumulation in terms of years number of education more explains wage inequalities than human capital accumulation in terms of years number of experience. Our analysis suggests that in case of credit market imperfection, years number of education oriented policies should reduce wage inequalities among teachers of higher and public universities in DR Congo.
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Mardochée Ngandu Mulotwa. Inégalités des salaires au niveau de l’Enseignement Supérieur et Universitaire public en RDCongo : Evidence de l’accumulation du capital humain . Révue Annales de l'UEA, 2015. ⟨hal-01260371⟩

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