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Actin-based propulsion of functionalized hard versus fluid spherical objects

Abstract : The directed polymerization of a branched actin network against a functionalized surface drives cell protrusions and organelle propulsion in living cells. Solid microspheres or giant unilamellar vesicles, functionalized with neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP), initiate the formation of a branched actin array using actin-related protein 2/3 (Arp2/3) complex, when placed in a motility assay reconstituted with pure proteins. These systems are useful biomimetic models of actin-based propulsion that allow to address how the interplay between the physical properties of the functionalized surface and the dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton determines motile behavior. Both solid beads and deformable vesicles display either continuous or saltatory propulsive motions, which are analyzed comparatively; we show that the deformability of liposomes and the mobility of N-WASP at the lipid surface affect the dynamic and structural parameters of the actin meshwork. Our results indicate that beads and vesicles use different mechanisms to translate insertional polymerization of actin at their surface into directed movement: stress relaxation within the actin gel prevents the accumulation of filaments at the front of moving beads, while segregation of nucleators reduces actin polymerization at the front of moving vesicles.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01960854
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 11:57:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 10, 2022 - 6:46:03 PM
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Vincent Delatour, Shashank Shekhar, Anne-Cécile Reymann, Dominique Didry, Kim Ho Diep Le, et al.. Actin-based propulsion of functionalized hard versus fluid spherical objects. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2008, 10 (2), pp.025001. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/10/2/025001⟩. ⟨hal-01960854⟩

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