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Pré-publication, Document de travail

The covid-19 crisis: an NLP exploration of the french Twitter feed (February-May 2020)

Abstract : The Covid-19 pandemic offers a spectacular case of disaster management. In this literature, the paradigm of participation is fundamental: the mitigation of the impact of the disaster, the quality of the preparation and the resilience of the society, which facilitate the reconstruction, depend on the participation of the populations. Being able to observe and measure the state of mental health of the population (anxiety, confidence, expectations, ...) and to identify the points of controversy and the content of the discourse, are necessary to support measures designed to encourage this participation. Social media, and in particular Twitter, offer valuable resources for researching this discourse. The objective of this empirical study is to reconstruct a micro history of users' reactions to the pandemic as they share them on social networks. The general method used comes from new processing techniques derived from Natural Language Processing (NLP). Three analysis methods are used to process the corpus: analysis of the temporal evolution of term occurrences; creation of dynamic semantic maps to identify co-occurrences; analysis of topics using the SVM method. The main empirical result is that the mask emerges as a central figure of discourse, at least in the discourse produced by certain social media. The retrospective analysis of the phenomenon allows us to explain what made the mask a focal point not only in conversation, but also in behaviors. Its value resides less in its functional qualities than in its ability to fix attention and organize living conditions under the threat of pandemic.
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Pré-publication, Document de travail
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03134647
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Soumis le : lundi 8 février 2021 - 14:27:27
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 octobre 2021 - 16:28:08
Archivage à long terme le : : dimanche 9 mai 2021 - 19:26:53

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scsm2021.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-03134647, version 1

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Citation

Sophie Balech, C. Benavent, M. Calciu, Julien Monnot. The covid-19 crisis: an NLP exploration of the french Twitter feed (February-May 2020). 2021. ⟨hal-03134647⟩

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