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Fast periodic visual stimulation to highlight the relationship between human intracerebral recordings and scalp electroencephalography

Abstract : Despite being of primary importance for fundamental research and clinical studies, the relationship between local neural population activity and scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in humans remains largely unknown. Here we report simultaneous scalp and intracerebral EEG responses to face stimuli in a unique epileptic patient implanted with 27 intracerebral recording contacts in the right occipitotemporal cortex. The patient was shown images of faces appearing at a frequency of 6 Hz, which elicits neural responses at this exact frequency. Response quantification at this frequency allowed to objectively relate the neural activity measured inside and outside the brain. The patient exhibited typical 6 Hz responses on the scalp at the right occipitotemporal sites. Moreover, there was a clear spatial correspondence between these scalp responses and intracerebral signals in the right lateral inferior occipital gyrus, both in amplitude and in phase. Nevertheless, the signal measured on the scalp and inside the brain at nearby locations showed a 10-fold difference in amplitude due to electrical insulation from the head. To further quantify the relationship between the scalp and intracerebral recordings, we used an approach correlating time-varying signals at the stimulation frequency across scalp and intracerebral channels. This analysis revealed a focused and right-lateralized correspondence between the scalp and intracerebral recordings that were specific to the face stimulation is more broadly distributed in various control situations. These results demonstrate the interest of a frequency tagging approach in characterizing the electrical propagation from brain sources to scalp EEG sensors and in identifying the cortical sources of brain functions from these recordings.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 6:09:33 PM
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Corentin Jacques, Jacques Jonas, Louis Maillard, Sophie Colnat‐coulbois, Bruno Rossion, et al.. Fast periodic visual stimulation to highlight the relationship between human intracerebral recordings and scalp electroencephalography. Human Brain Mapping, Wiley, 2020, 41 (9), pp.2373-2388. ⟨10.1002/hbm.24952⟩. ⟨hal-03437295⟩



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