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Multiwavelength constraints on the unidentified Galactic TeV sources HESS J1427$-$608, HESS J1458$-$608, and new VHE $\gamma$-ray source candidates

Abstract : Aims. Among the γ-ray sources discovered at high and very-high energies, a large fraction still lack a clear identification. In particular, the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey (HGPS) revealed 78 TeV sources among which 47 are not clearly associated with a known object. Multiwavelength data can help identify the origin of the very-high energy γ-ray emission, although some bright TeV sources have been detected without clear counterparts. We present a multiwavelength approach to constrain the origin of the emission from unidentified HGPS sources.Methods. We present a generic pipeline that explores a large database of multiwavelength archival data toward any region in the Galactic plane. Along with a visual inspection of the retrieved multiwavelength observations to search for faint and uncataloged counterparts, we derive a radio spectral index that helps disentangle thermal from nonthermal emission and a mean magnetic field through X-ray and TeV data in case of a leptonic scenario. We also search for a spectral connection between the GeV and the TeV regimes with the Fermi-LAT cataloged sources that may be associated with the unidentified HGPS source. We complete the association procedure with catalogs of known objects (supernova remnants, pulsar wind nebulae, H II regions, etc.) and with the source catalogs from instruments whose data are retrieved.Results. The method is applied on two unidentified sources, namely HESS J1427−608 and HESS J1458−608, for which the multiwavelength constraints favor the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) scenario. We model their broadband nonthermal spectra in a leptonic scenario with a magnetic field B ≲ 10 μG, which is consistent with that obtained from ancient PWNe. We place both sources within the context of the TeV PWN population to estimate the spin-down power and the characteristic age of the putative pulsar. We also shed light on two possibly significant γ-ray excesses in the HGPS: the first is located in the south of the unidentified source HESS J1632−478 and the second is spatially coincident with the synchrotron-emitting supernova remnant G28.6−0.1. The multiwavelength counterparts found toward both γ-ray excesses make these promising candidates for being new very-high energy γ-ray sources.Key words: gamma rays: ISM / ISM: individual objects: HESS J1427-608 / cosmic rays / radio continuum: ISM / ISM: individual objects: HESS J1458-608 / ISM: supernova remnants
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Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 1:19:15 PM
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J. Devin, Matthieu Renaud, M. Lemoine-Goumard, George Vasileiadis. Multiwavelength constraints on the unidentified Galactic TeV sources HESS J1427$-$608, HESS J1458$-$608, and new VHE $\gamma$-ray source candidates. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2021, 647, pp.A68. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202039563⟩. ⟨hal-03129437⟩

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